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現代語言學測試題兩套(含答案)

試卷A

Ⅰ.Multiple Choice

Directions:Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A,B,C or D in the brackets.(2%×10=20%)

1.The famous quotation from Shakespeare’s play “Romeo and Juliet”: “A rose by any other name would smell as sweet”well illustrates _______.()

A.the conventional nature of language

B.the creative nature of language

C.the universality of language

D.the big difference between human language and animal communication

2.Of the following sound combinations,only _______ is permissible according to the sequential rules in English.()

A.kibl

B.bkil

C.ilkb

D.ilbk

3.The sentence that has a NP and a VP can be shown in a _______ formula “S→NP VP”。()

A.hierarchical

B.linear

C.tree diagram

D.vertical

4.It is the _______ on Case assignment that states that a Case assignor and a Case recipient should stay adjacent to each other.()

A.Case Condition

B.parameter

C.Adjacent Condition

D.Adjacent Parameter

5.Predication analysis is a way to analyze _______ meaning.

A.phoneme

B.word

C.phrase

D.sentence

6.According to Searle,those illocutionary acts whose point is to commit the speaker to some future course of action are called _______.()

http://www.659784.buzz/doc/71af68d628ea81c758f5782a.htmlmisives

B.directives

C.expressives

D.declaratives

7.The term _______ linguistics may be defined as a way of referring to the approach which studies language change over various periods of time and at various historical stages.

A.synchronic

B.diachronic

http://www.659784.buzz/doc/71af68d628ea81c758f5782a.htmlparative

D.historical comparative

8.The way in which people address each other depends on their age, sex, social group and personal relationship. The English system of address forms frequently used includes first name, last name, title+last name, _______, and kin term.

A.title+first name

B.title+title

C.title alone

D.first name+last name+title

http://www.659784.buzz/doc/71af68d628ea81c758f5782a.htmlnguage and thought may be viewed as two independent circles overlapping in some parts. When language and thought are identical or closely parallel to each other,we may regard thought as “subvocal speech,”and speech as “_______”。()

A.vocal thought

B.subvocal thought

C.covert thought

D.overt thought

10.Whcih of the following best states the behaviorist view of child language acquisition _______.()

http://www.659784.buzz/doc/71af68d628ea81c758f5782a.htmlnguage acquisition is a process of habit formation

http://www.659784.buzz/doc/71af68d628ea81c758f5782a.htmlnguage acquisition is the species-specific property of human beings

C.Children are born with an innate ability to acquire language

D.Humans are equipped with the neural prerequisites for language and language use

Ⅱ.Blank Filling

Directions:Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word,the first letter of which is already given as a clue.Note that you are to fill in ONE word only,and you are not allowed to change the letter given.(1%×10=10%)

11.In the course of time,the study of language has come to establish close links with other branches of s________ studies,such as sociology and psychology.

12.Clear [1]and dark[?]are allophones of the same one phoneme /1/.They never take the same position in sound combinations,thus they are said to be in c________ distribution.

13.A r________ is often seen as part of a word,but it can never stand by itself although it bears clear,definite meaning.

14.A c________ sentence contains two or more clauses,one of which is incorporated in the other.

15.That the denial of one member of two words implies the assertion of the other is the characteristic of c________ antonyms.

16.While the meaning of a sentence is abstract and decontextualized,that of an u________ is concrete and context-dependent.17. Phonological rules may move phonemes from one place in the string to another. For example,

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